Art processing of metal is considered a male view of the Mongolian traditional art. Mongolian origins of jewelry goes back centuries, to the cultures of the nomadic tribes inhabiting the territory of the Great Steppe. In Mongolia, artistic metal products are divided into two large groups. The first group includes items that have a purely utilitarian (castles, utensils, etc.). The second group of metal consists of items of jewelry art – the art of precious metal (saddles, knives, rings, jewelry for men and women). All art world alike, while at the same time every particular and original art on its own. Unlike other nomads, the Mongols perfectly mastered the difficult art of jewelry. Technical skills and artistic flair, reflecting the simplicity of proportions, the plastic perfection of forms, originality of color and rhythmic constructions make simple objects of social life genuine works of folk decorative art, have not lost their aesthetic value and for the modern viewer. Some masters prefer simple geometric patterns in the form of a braid of two intersecting circles, weave “ulziya” and mesh patterns stand out clearly against the background of a smooth metal surface; the other – a complete cladding embossed pattern depicting complex scenes, often dragon and plant motifs-shoots, or ornament “Ten thousand years of happiness” – “tumennasan.”
In addition to the rich selection of ornamental motifs in metal work Mongolian masters Darkhan different and purely technical features, application of small strokes in the finishing details, the method “gold-plating”, “silvering”, “blackening”, etc. From zoomorphic or anthropomorphic figures in embossed products distributed images of elephants, unicorns, lions and bats, dragons or zooson hee – monetoobrazny ornament. Mongolian ornament is a means of expressing their views on the environment, the standard measure of artistic taste and skill of the creator of a work of art. Horn ornament “ever ugalz” is a repetitive series of spiral curls, almost always completely cover the entire surface. This – a symbol of wealth and prosperity. With this ornament Mongols pinned their desire to increase the number of livestock, the main wealth of rhodium ^ us. Mongols favored a combination of yellow and red copper with silver pattern pronounced in the censer, which is not only beautiful and elegant object, but also a true product of the Mongolian Folk Art.
Recreated in a decorative form for all genres of floral ornaments are symbols of health and eternal life. It is much less common in the metal products and wood floral designs with 4-24 petals. Lotosovidny pattern, which is considered a symbol of purity of thought, honesty and generosity, firmly entered the fund Mongolian ornaments and is widely used in the decoration of many products made of metal and other materials. It is popular in the art of Mongolian peoples symbolic sign “thread of happiness,” represented by a cellular or curved weave. It symbolizes happiness, wealth, longevity. One characteristic of the Mongolian compositions is the use of different outlets, Tondo, with relief images of zoomorphic motifs, combined with borders, very similar in principle to the arabesque. For the attraction to create models of the world in its perpetual motion creates a pattern. Colour of metal reinforced by other materials: jewels, fabrics, leather, bone, in combination with other metal alloys such as red brass, brass, giving a wealth of colors. Surviving from the past various products allow us to establish in general methods of artistic treatment of metals, which consisted mainly in jewelry, coinage, engraving, punching, forging, difovke, filigree and blackening. The favorite view decoration was black, which was prepared by the masters. Known ink formulation, distributed in Buryatia: tin, silver, copper and sulfur. The most important feature of Mongolian folk art should recognize the extraordinary sense of reality, combined with the objectives of decorative and ornamental nature with the inexhaustible imagination. Range of subjects in the Mongolian art metal is unusually wide. Masters Darkhan usually seek meaningfulness of ornamentation, including the basis for any allegorical figures, symbolic good wishes and a circle – the sun drives or moon, leading back to the distant pagan times to the present day. In the second half of the XIX century in various parts of Mongolia were craft centers specializing in those or other kinds of art. Mongolian folk art artistic processing of metals found reflected in Dalaychoynhorskih carved articles of iron] Dargangskih, Noёnsevreyskih, Borzhiginskih, Dolnorskih etc. Jewelry styles that are famous throughout Mongolia.
Mongolian jewelers were ready (the traditional casting and screen schemes), which they were to follow with the utmost rigor of the rules of style. Jewelers have used precious and semi-precious stones for color solution that made it possible for individual creativity and every problem solved coloristic creative accordance with its sense of color and a range of personal talent. Folk art is eternal, like the people who created it.