Mongolia lies in the center of Asia. Mongolia – a country of steppes, mountains and sand. Mongolia – a country of blue sky. The cradle of the nomadic peoples, the birthplace of Genghis Khan. Ineffable antiquity breathes the land. The world survived few countries, the nature of which fully retains its natural state – freely graze large herds of wild animals, boundless as the sea, with the scent of blooming steppe steppe fragrant herbs, stunningly beautiful and extremely diverse natural landscapes, mystically bright starry sky and perfect the opportunity for a variety of trips. The noise of modern civilization does not violate the absolute silence of many wild places in Mongolia. Here, fresh air and pure water springs, colorful barchan sands and ruins of ancient Buddhist temples extant ethnoculture nomadic felt yurts, caravans of camels, yaks and shaggy herds of wild antelope. And most importantly – you can pave your route on a completely unexplored places, where there is no trace of a human presence, and no tourists.

Best time to visit Mongolia

The tourist season in Mongolia since the beginning of May to the end of October. Travel to Mongolia can be at other times, but as a rule all the tourist base for the winter closed. The travel season is from May to early October, though Ulaanbaatar can be Poseschenieed any time of year if you can tolerate the cold. From mid-October to mid-May, sudden snowstorms and extreme cold can ground the night, block roads and cause the transport system to break down completely.

June and September are the best time to visit Mongolia. June and September are both very pleasant times to visit. Early July gives you the best weather for the northern part of the country. July and August are the rainiest months, which can make jeep travel on dirt roads difficult. July is also the time to see the Naadam Festival. Unfortunately, this is the peak tourist season, when Ulaanbaatar’s inadequate accommodation and creaky transport is stretched to breaking point.

Best time to visit the Gobi desert is in September and October. May also not a bad time to travel in the Gobi, but there may be severe dust storms. And the weather is unpredictable.

National holidays

1st of January
13 January
Early February
June 1st
11, 12, July 13
November 26th

New Year
Constitution day
Lunar New Year – Tsagaan Saarland
Day of Mother and Child
Mongolian National Day – Naadam.
Independence Day

Requirements for entry

For citizens of the Russian Federation, all the CIS countries, as well as many other entry visa to Mongolia. Visas are valid for 30 days from the date of entry (3 months from the date of issue) and can be extended directly to Mongolia for another 30 days. Group visas can be obtained through a tour operator or travel agency. Children under 16 years (in the absence of his passport) fit into the visa of parents.

Information about visas to Mongolia. Types of visas to Mongolia. Mongolian visa.

The cost of a visa to Mongolia. How to obtain Mongolian visa.

Where in Russia you can get a Mongolian visa.

Invitation to Mongolia.

Embassy and consulates of Mongolia

Foreign representations (embassies and consulates) in Mongolia.

Customs regulations in Mongolia

Every traveler, at the entrance to Mongolia must fill out a customs declaration, which must be retained until departure. This allows free import and re-export of products intended for personal use for the duration of your stay.

For more information about customs regulations of Mongolia. What can and what can not be transported across the Mongolian border.

The entry into Mongolia by car

At the Russian-Mongolian border is open 8 road and two railway crossings, all year. For third-country nationals can move only in car Gearbox Tashanta – Tsagaan Nuur (Altai), Kyahta – Altanbulag (Buryatia) and rail transit: Naushki – Sukhbaatar (Buryatia). Crossing the border by citizens of third countries at a checkpoint Mondy – Hanh (oz. Khubsugul) provided by the intergovernmental agreement between Russia and Mongolia, and is only possible for residents of Mongolia and Russia.

Read more about the rules of crossing the Mongolian border by car, see. Here ..

Money
Currency

National unit – Tugrik. Banknotes in circulation are 1, 3, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, 1,000, 5,000, 10,000 and 20,000 Tugra. Public institutions only accepts local currency. Payment of hotels, tourist centers are mainly in dollars.

Change currency can be exchanged in points, banks, larger stores. Banknotes dollars produced before 1998 are reluctant to accept. Banknotes sample to 1998 and the nominal value of less than $ 50 per share at the lower rate! For trips to the provinces must have Tug. The use of credit cards and traveler’s checks can only be in the capital.

Mongolian money. Story. Photo.

Time

Mongolia is in two time zones. Three western aimag (Bayan-Olgii, Uvs and Khovd) are in the same time zone (UTC / GMT +7), the rest of the country to another (UTC / GMT + 8). Ahead of Moscow at 5:00 (4:00 in the summer). Since 2006, there is no daylight saving time ..

Post and telecommunications

Postal Rates. Postal rates are often relatively expensive, especially for parcels, for which there is only an ‘air mail’ rate – yet they often arrive months later (probably by sea). Normal sized letters cost T550 and postcards cost T400 to all countries. A 1kg airmail parcel costs anywhere from 13,000 to T T 17,000 to most countries.

The postal service is reliable but can often be very slow. Allow at least a couple of weeks for letters and postcards to arrive from Mongolia. You will not find letter boxes on the streets. In most cases, you will have to post your letters from the post office.

The poste restante at the Central Post Office in Ulaanbaatar seems to work quite well; bring along your passport as proof of identification.

Telephone. In Ulaanbaatar it is easy to make international or domestic calls. Outside of Ulaanbaatar, making calls is difficult: no-one will understi you unless you speak reasonable Mongolian or Russian, and the telephones may not work anyway.

Mobile Phone. The mobile phone network is GSM. If you bring a GSM you can get a new SIM card installed in Mongolia.

Fax. Business Tsentrs in major hotels in Ulaanbaatar charge about T5000 to T6000 to send a one-page fax abroad and around T800 per page to receive one. The Central Post Office is less convenient but cheaper at T3000 per page. Outside Ulaanbaatar, forget it.

Email & Internet Access. For travelers, email is easily the most reliable, cheapest and quickest way of communicating with the outside world.

There are dozens of Internet cafes in Ulaanbaatar that charge around T1200 to T1500 per hour but this rate is always fluctuating (and generally falling). Outside of the capital, Internet access is rare, though laryurta towns have email facilities at the post / telecom office (so you can send an email but not access Internet-based accounts).

If you want to open an account in Ulaanbaatar there are three Internet service providers in the country. They charge around USS $ 50 a month.

In Mongolia, work phone standard, GSM. Phone code Mongolia – 976. The code of Ulan Bator – six-digit number 11. City. To make a call from Russia to Ulan Bator, you need to dial 10 August, then 11, and 976 six-digit local number. Mobile Phones Company “Mobicom” begin with the numbers 9911, 9912, followed by four-digit number, the company “Skaytel” – with the numbers 9111, 9191, followed by four-digit number. To call a cell phone in Russia, you must type 8 10 976 and mobile phone number. Cellular stable only in Ulaanbaatar, the surrounding area, on the highway Kyahta – Sukhbaatar – Ulaanbaatar and some regional centers.

Photo and video

Film & Equipment. Mongolia is a very photogenic country. Major bris of print, and even Polaroid film are available in shops in Ulaanbaatar (but nowhere in the countryside), though prices tend to be high, and you should always check the expiry date.

Several places around Sukhbaatar Square will process print film cheaply, but the quality may not be great; it’s best to wait until you get home.

Technical Tips. If you do a jeep trip on an unsurfaced road, you can expect plenty of dust, so keep the camera well sealed in a plastic bag. Keep your film out of the Gobi’s summer sun, and Mongolia’s winter freeze, when your automatic cameras and batteries may not work properly. Bring a spare camera battery, as these can stop working because of the cold, even in summer.

Restrictions. Photography is prohibited inside monasteries and temples, although you may photograph the exterior building and the monastery grounds. Also you can sometimes obtain special permission to take photographs in exchange for an extra fee. In most museums it is the best to have a look first before you decide whether to fork out the extra tugrik for photographs. Remember that monks and nomads are not photographic models, so if they do not want to be photographed, their wishes should be respected. Always ask before taking a photograph.
Be careful about photographing potentially sensitive areas, especially border crossings and military establishments.

Photographing people. Mongolians are not especially enthusiastic about having their photos taken. The days of state surveillance are a recent memory, and some Mongolians are ashamed of the shabbiness they and the whole country have been reduced to. Many westerners do not seem to care what the locals think, and poke camera lenses into the face of whoever looks interesting. This has led to arguments and even fist fights.

On the other hi, people in the country-side are often happy to pose for photographs if you ask first. If you have promised to send them a copy, please do it, but explain that it may take several months to reach them – some nomads believe that all cameras are (instant) Polaroids. If you promise to send them pictures please fulfill this promise and do not disillusion the nomads.
Ask them to write their Dobavteress in Mongolian on a piece of paper. You can then glue the Dobavteress on an envelope, and add the word ‘Mongolia’ in the roman alphabet to ensure that it gets to the right place.

Electricity

Voltage in electric network 220V, 50Hz. Basically rozeotki European standard. However, in new buildings put sockets Asian standard (adapter can be purchased at any electronics store).

System of units

Mongolia follows the international metric system. As in the USA, the ground floor is called the 1st floor – as opposed to the UK system, where the next floor above ground level is the 1st floor.
Health

Many travelers about Mongolia ask about what vaccinations are required when visiting Mongolia? Always answer: No special requirements when traveling to Mongolia do not need! Just like in any other country: To observe the rules of hygiene, do not eat unfamiliar food (if it is questionable) …

Healthcare in Mongolia

Clothing

Mongolian national clothes – Delhi – well suited to the nomadic way of life and is a dressing gown, the same for men and women. Delhi Belt girdle of contrasting color material, sometimes up to a length of 6-7 meters. Sash substantially warms the lumbar region that the common riding, at low temperatures it is important to protect against diseases sciatica.

Mongolian national clothes

What can and can not

The leading role of ethnic Mongols in the conquest of Eurasia and their subsequent long period of domination must preserve traces of this phenomenon in the culture and customs of the people. The set of beliefs and promises to take the welfare of a good attitude to the living, and what sorts of punishment sulyatsya who violate customs.

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